Stars and solar system class 8 notes pdf

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stars and solar system class 8 notes pdf

Revision Notes for Science Chapter 17 - Stars and the solar system (Class 8th) | askIITians

However, there is a spherical region of the universe that can be observed from the Earth which is called Observable Universe. This Observable Universe comprises of different physical objects that occur naturally on their own. These objects are called celestial objects. For example, the sun, the moon, the stars and the planets in our solar system all are called celestial objects. Astronomy is the study of the celestial objects and the phenomena associated with them.
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Part-1 : Stars and the Solar System - Physics - Class 8 - CBSE Syllabus

Free PDF Download - Best collection of CBSE topper Notes, Important Questions, and NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 8 Science Stars and the Solar System.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 17 Stars and the Solar System

If they were on the same scale then the Sun and planets would be much much smaller. Objects such as planets, asteroi. Sign Up. A group of stars that can be identified with the shape of an identifiable object like an animal or a known object is called a constellation.

Comet: A comet appears as a bright head with a long tail. While investigating the effect of object mass, the height that the objects are dropped from should remain constant. For this we need a bigger unit. This part of the meteor is called a meteorite.

Comets that come into the inner solar system do not live forever! Hence the meteors light up as a streak of light. The asteroid belt is the area where syystem asteroids are found in our solar system, draw an imaginary straight line towards the Northern direction connecting these two stars as shown in the given figure. Now.

Some comet dust tails can be millions of kilometres long. Ursa Major consists of a groups of seven stars. Chapter Notes - Stars and the Solar System notes for Class 8 is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Class 8. Share via Facebook.

These textbooks and workbooks are openly-licensed and freely available for you to solad, Olympus Mons, download, inhospitable planet. The largest volcano in the solar syst. Venus's oceans have boiled away leaving behind a hot. Asteroids: A large number of small objects that revolve around the sun between Mars and Jupiter are called asteroids.

This tail appears as a comet approaches the sun. She suggested that the planet be named after the Roman god of the underworld, Pluto. Comparing terrestrial planets and gas giants In this activity learners must compare and contrast the two types of planet using the information already provided in this section. Phases of the moon: The different shapes of the moon that we see syztem the earth due to the revolution of moon around the earth are called phases of the moon.

Stars and the Solar System - Class 8: Notes. Celestial Objects: Things like stars, planets, moons, etc. which are present in the space are known as celestial.
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Solar System

Pluto has not swept out other objects from its orbit and so it was downgraded from planet to dwarf planet status. However, the point at which life can no longer exist on Earth is uncertain. Remote-sensing - acquiring information about an object from a distance, the artificial satellite can acquire information about the earth from a distance. It appears to remain stationary at a point in the sky. They can reflect the light of the sun that falls upon them.

Although this is the order in CAPS and it is the way in which the content has been ordered here in these workbooks, we suggest starting with Chapter 3 on 'Looking into space' first, and then going on to the other two chapters. This makes more sense conceptually to first learn about how we see into space, and then go on to look at the objects that have been observed in our solar system and beyond, making use of a variety of telescopes. In Grade 6 learners covered material regarding the solar system, and in Grade 7, they focused on the Sun, Earth, Moon system. Learners should be familiar with the fact that the Sun is a star located at the centre of the solar system and they should understand that the planets orbit around the Sun. They should also be aware that there are two types of planets: smaller rocky planets and larger gas giants. In this chapter, the solar system is introduced in more detail, and the physical explanation for the two types of planets is summarised.


You will be projecting an image of the Sun onto a white card or screen for your learners to observe! How did the mass of solaar object affect the size of the crater. It is assumed that this will be a teacher-led demonstration, there is no reason why learners cannot contribute by building the shade xnd and setting up the white card. These icy objects can range in size from a fraction of a kilometre to more than a km across and are called Kuiper belt objects.

The Sun's surface often has little blemishes on it. The bodies that reach the earth are called as meteorites. This is not correct. Its existence cannot be stated as fact since it has not yet been confirmed to exist.

The birth of the solar system video. The beginnings of life Scientists do not know how life began on Earth, but they estimate that the early ancestor of modern bacteria was alive on Earth clsss. Explain why the celestial bodies appear to move from east to west across the sky when viewed from the Earth. Mars' surface is like a dry red desert?

The distance between the sun and the earth is about , 15 crore kilometres. Ask Experts. Which planet's year is shorter than its day. Ask the learners to point out any interesting features they notice about the image.


  1. Valentine R. says:

    The distance travelled by the light in one year is called one light year. It is a large unit of distance commonly used to measure distances in universe. Two constellations which we can identify with the naked eye are: 1. 🤦‍♀️

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